What Is The Purpose Of Government
Only with the birth of democracy in ancient Greece around 500 B.C. Since then, that idea has spread worldwide, but even the most developed democracies still disproportionately serve the purposes and interests of privileged groups. When the Supreme Court rules on a constitutional issue, that judgment is virtually final; its decisions can be altered only by the rarely used procedure of constitutional amendment or by a new ruling of the Court.
Charities have a tendency to run out of funds at inopportune moments, and often falter on the follow-through because they only focus on particular parts of the problem. But the aggregated resources available to a government are able to provide sustained, deliberate assistance. Importantly Paul describes the “governing authorities” as “servants” using the Greek word διάκονός which is the same word the Paul uses for the church office of deacon in 1 Tim 3. What is surprising is how entrenched blaming big government for a poorly performing economy has become. In truth, as suggested above, government was the cause of a strong economy through most of our history. The meme of national elections for a generation at least—back to the mid-1970s—has been unchanged.
Some structures, like the Great Wall of China, have also been built to defend citizens against attack. The second element of the common good has to do with social well-being and development. This is worthwhile not only for what advice it may offer to the incoming Biden administration, but more importantly for the clarification it provides to the Catholic electorate.
In this connection, the Founders drew on what Hamilton in Federalist No. 9 called the “new science of politics” for guidance. This “new science” included a study of previous republics, to discover how to make government both free and effective. Most recent in the Founders’ experience was the government established by the Articles of Confederation—a “firm league of friendship” that had been too weak to provide an effective form of government. This was to be a republic that worked—not one that failed as all previous attempts had. They were well acquainted with the claim that liberty and safety are best secured by a government of separated and divided powers, accompanied by proper checks and balances.
It showed that higher tax rates did not retard economic growth, historically. On the Democratic side, Hillary Clinton chastised Bernie Sanders because the size of government would be 40 percent greater under his plans. Sanders countered that he would raise taxes enough to pay for everything.
This article shall be inoperative unless it shall have been ratified as an amendment to the Constitution by conventions in the several States, as provided in the Constitution, within seven years from the date of the submission hereof to the States by the Congress. The eighteenth article of amendment to the Constitution of the United States is hereby repealed. This article shall be inoperative unless it shall have been ratified as an amendment to the Constitution by the legislatures of three-fourths of the several States within seven years from the date of its submission. Sections 1 and 2 shall take effect on the 15th day of October following the ratification of this article. The Congress shall assemble at least once in every year, and such meeting shall begin at noon on the 3d day of January, unless they shall by law appoint a different day. The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of sex.