What is the Intent behind Government? 

John Adams On The Purpose Of Government

Many Americans had read Locke’s book, and they agreed with what it said about government. Those who had not actually read Locke’s book knew his ideas from newspapers, political pamphlets, church sermons, and discussions. Many of the Founders believed people receive these rights from God.

Laws of Nature are contrary the nature of man , so we must be coerced by a power greater than ourselves. The first government was a theocracy, where God dealt directly with the people. When God was in charge of things, no other government was necessary. The father or patriarch acted as the agent of God for the rest of the family. This is not surprising for a Constitution that explicitly protected the institution of slavery and gave women no rights. But as the Supreme Court has explained for over a half century, equality is an implicit and inherent part of liberty.

They just operate on the rule that the government owns all or most of the property, which rather puts a damper on the whole concept. We pay taxes to build and maintain public roads across the nation. This is a public good because everyone uses roads, and some of our freedoms of movement depend in large part on having publicly-accessible highways to enable us to move from place to place without trespassing. All of this, in a modern democracy, is tied into the citizenry’s personal freedoms. It is now one of the primary roles of all legitimate democratic governments and, to a more limited extent, some benevolent autocracies to defend personal freedoms .

The president is permitted to veto specific legislative acts, but Congress has the authority to override presidential vetoes by two-thirds majorities of both houses. The Constitution also provides that the Senate advise and consent on key executive and judicial appointments and on the approval for ratification of treaties. Written in 1787, ratified in 1788, and in operation since 1789, the United States Constitution is the world’s longest surviving written charter of government.

The relationship of government to markets is an ongoing one that requires continual intervention from government to maintain order and stability. The fact that this has not occurred — or at least not yet — is the result of government’s continuing ability to intervene, moderating the disruptive impacts of the ever-changing market economy. Governments, despite ideological differences, tend to have similar purposes. Depending on the type of government, the ways a government meets those purposes can vary. For example, in a democracy, the creation and enforcement of laws is closely tied to the wants and needs of citizens. In a dictatorship, laws may be administered in a method that benefits the leader or the central government more than those being governed.

It did not function much farther beyond that as would happen in future civilizations. The new liberals continue to accept the progressive view that government is historically relative. Governments provide a variety of services to promote the general welfare of their people, though the nature and extent of these programs varies greatly depending on the values of the society. This means, first, that all members of society are subject to the same laws. In addition, the criminal justice system is charged with enforcing the laws in the same way for all members of society, and all individuals possess the same rights under the law. The equal application includes those who are tasked with administering the law.

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